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School_Strategies_for_Raising_Student_Achievement_ Card IconSchool Strategies for Raising Student Achievement Top of Page

A Primer on the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
The No Child Left Behind federal legislation was signed into law in January, 2002. It re-defines the federal role in K-12 education to improve academic performance for all students based on four guiding principles:
1. Increased accountability for results
2. Increased flexibility and local control

4. Emphasis on teaching methods that are proven to work
* Requires state and local report cards that present student achievement levels
* Establishes annual assessments for every child in grades 3-8
* Requires states to implement a single statewide accountability system
* Requires states to establish measurable objectives (AYP-annual yearly progress) that will lead to all students being proficient by the 2013 - 14 school year
* Increases funding for state and local support for school improvement*

Disaggregating_Student_Groups Card IconDisaggregating Student GroupsTop of Page

* In order to ensure that no child is left behind, NCLB requires schools to disaggregate student achievement results by student groups:
* Racial/ethnic group
* Limited English proficiency status
* Disability status
This new NCLB accountability requirement obliges the state and local districts to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) for each student group:
White, African-American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, LEP, Students with Disabilities, Low-income

Factors_that_Hinder_Student_Achievement Card IconFactors that Hinder Student AchievementTop of Page

* School Factors
* Watered-down instruction

*Teachers with lower expectations

* Concentration of low-income and minority students in certain schools
* School climate less conductive to learning
* Student performance anxiety
* Negative peer pressure

* Disparities in access to high-quality preschool

* Societal, community, and home factors
* Effects of poverty on learning
* Legacy of discrimination

*Limited learning supports in homes and communities
*Access to parenting education

Guiding_Principals_for_Raising_Student_Achievement Card IconGuiding Principals for Raising Student AchievementTop of Page

The achievement gap can be closed, but not with quick fixes*

Closing the gap is a complex task that will require multiple, simultaneous, and long-term efforts that target school, home, community and social factors.*

Responsibility must be shared by the public and private sectors, and by educators, policy makers, community leaders, parents and students*

School_Strategies_for_Raising_Student_Achievement Card IconSchool Strategies for Raising Student AchievementTop of Page

* Challenging curriculum
* Improvements in teacher preparation and professional   development *
* High standards and accountability for subgroup performance*
* Equitable distribution of resources
* Sustained class size reductions in high-minority schools 
* Comprehensive school reform
* Extended after-school and summer-learning opportunities*
 * Targeted research on promising strategies and     unanswered  questions*
 * Expanded access to high-quality preschools
  * Topics in NCLB