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Title I

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A Primer on the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
The No Child Left Behind federal legislation was signed into law in January, 2002. It re-defines the federal role in K-12 education to improve academic performance for all students based on four guiding principles:
1. Increased accountability for results
2. Increased flexibility and local control

4. Emphasis on teaching methods that are proven to work
* Requires state and local report cards that present student achievement levels
* Establishes annual assessments for every child in grades 3-8
* Requires states to implement a single statewide accountability system
* Requires states to establish measurable objectives (AYP-annual yearly progress) that will lead to all students being proficient by the 2013 - 14 school year
* Increases funding for state and local support for school improvement*
Disaggregating Student Groups
* In order to ensure that no child is left behind, NCLB requires schools to disaggregate student achievement results by student groups:
* Racial/ethnic group
* Limited English proficiency status
* Disability status
This new NCLB accountability requirement obliges the state and local districts to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) for each student group:
White, African-American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, LEP, Students with Disabilities, Low-income
Factors that Hinder Student Achievement
* School Factors

* Watered-down instruction

*Teachers with lower expectations

* Concentration of low-income and minority students in certain schools
* School climate less conductive to learning
* Student performance anxiety
* Negative peer pressure

* Disparities in access to high-quality preschool
 Factors that Hinder Student Achievement

* Societal, community, and home factors
* Effects of poverty on learning

Limited learning supports in homes and communities 
Access to parenting education

Guiding Principals for Raising Student Achievement

Closing the gap is a complex task that will require multiple, simultaneous, and long-term efforts that target school, home, community and social factors.*

School Strategies for Raising Student Achievement
  • Challenging curriculum
  • Improvements in teacher preparation and professional development
  • High standards and accountability for subgroup perfomance
  • Equitable distribution of resources
  • Sustained class size reduction in high-minority schools
  • Comprehensive school reform
  • Extended after-school and summer-learning opportunities
  • Targets research on promising strategies and unanswered questions
  • Expanded access to high-quality preschools
  • Topics in NCLB